|Chon-Ji means literally "the Heaven the Earth".
It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human
history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern
consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.
|Dan-Gun is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary
founder of Korea in the year of 2,333 B.C.
|Do-San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho
(1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the
education of Korea and its independence movement.
|Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the
Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D.
|Yul-Gok is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and
scholar Yi I (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea". The 38 movements of
this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38 degree latitude and the diagram represents
|Joong-Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who
assassinated Hiro-Bumo Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man
who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this
pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison (1910).
|Toi-Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang
(16th century), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to
his birthplace on the 37 degree latitude, the diagram represents "scholar".
|Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which
originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the
29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.
|Choong-Moo was the name given to the great Admiral Yi
Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship
(Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The
reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable
death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced
reservation of his loyalty to the king.
|Kwang-Gae is named after the famous Gwang-Gae-Toh-Wang,
the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the
greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost
territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 A.D., the year he came
to the throne.
|Po-Eun is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu
(1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem "I would not serve a second master though
I might be crucified a hundred times" is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer
in the field of physics. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and
country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.
|Ge-Baek is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the
Baek Je Dynasty (660 A.D.). The diagram represents his severe and strict military
|Eui-Am is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the
Korean independence movement on March 1, 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when he
changed the name of Dong Hak (ORiental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in
1905. The diagram represents his indomitable spirit, displayed while dedicating himself to
the prosperity of his nation.
|Choong-Jang is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk
Ryang who lived during the Yi Dynasty, 14th century. This pattern ends with a left-hand
attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach
|Juche is a philosophical idea that man is the master of
everything and decides everything, in other words, the idea that man is the master of the
world and his own destiny. It is said that this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain which
symbolizes the spirit of the Korean people. The diagram represents Baekdu Mountain.
|Sam-Il denotes the historical date of the independance
movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in
the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.
|Yoo-Sin is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding
general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668
A.D. the year Korea was united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right
rather than the left side, symbolizing Yoo Sin's mistake of following his king's orders to
fight with foreign forces against his own nation.
|Choi-Yong is named after General Choi Yong, Premier and
Commander-in-Chief of the Armed forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong
was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his
subordinate commanders headed by General Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first king of
the Yi Dynasty.
|Yon-Gae is named after a famous general during the
Koguryo Dynasty, Yon Gae Somoon. The 49 movements refer to the last two figures of 649
A.D., the year he forced the Tang Dynasty to quit Korea after destroying nearly 300,000 of
their troops at Ansi Sung.
|Ul-Ji is named after general Ul-Ji Moon Dok who
successfully defended Korea against a Tang's invasion force of nearly one million soldiers
led by Yang Je in 612 A.D., Ul-Ji employing hit and run guerilla tactics, was able to
decimate a large percentage of the force. The diagram represents his surname. The 42
movements represent General Choi Hong Hi's age when he designed the pattern.
|Moon-Moo honors the 30th king of the Silla Dynasty. His
body was buried near Dae Wang Am (Great King's Rock). According to his will, the body was
placed in the sea "...where my soul shall forever defend my land against the
Japanese." It is said that the Sok Gul Am (Stone Cave) was built to guard his tomb.
The Sok Gul Am is a fine example of the culture of the Silla Dynasty. The 61 movements in
this pattern symbolize the last two figures of 661 A.D. when Moon Moo came to the throne.
|So-San is the pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyong Ung
(1520-1604) during the Yi Dynasty. The 72 movements refer to his age when he organized a
corps of monk soldiers with the assistance of his pupil Sa Myung Dang. The monk soldiers
helped repulse the Japanese pirates who overran most of the Korean peninsula in 1592.
|Se-Jong is named after the greatest Korean king, Se-Jong,
who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443, and was also a noted meteorologist having
invented (1442 A.D.) the first rain gauge in human history. The diagram represents the
king, while the 24 movements represent the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet.
|Tong-Il denotes the resolution of the unification of
Korea which has been divided since 1945. The diagram symbolizes the homogenous race.